Heather Fisher Professional Drug & Alcohol Interventionist


As defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) created by the American Psychology Association, depression is a mental health disorder characterized by persistently low moods and loss of interest that causes significant impairment in daily functioning abilities. Those diagnosed with major depression report the most prominent symptom being profound sadness and a sense of despair that interferes with daily activities and functioning. To be diagnosed with major depression, one must be experiencing symptoms for at least two weeks. Still, usually, the symptoms of depression continue even longer, sometimes lasting even months or years.

Who is at Risk of Depression?

Depression can affect men and women of all ages and stages of life. Depression can affect children, teenagers, and the elderly population as well, but will often go undiagnosed in these communities. Research shows that twice as many women are diagnosed with depression than men. The increased risk factors for women can be due to hormonal changes, menstruation, pregnancy, miscarriage, and menopause. Often men struggle to seek out help for depressive symptoms due to social shame.


Adapted from PHQ-9 and DSM-5
Responses should be based on behavior over the past 90 days

NOTE: Addiction is progressive, chronic and 100% recoverable when treated.

Disclaimer: This screening is not designed to make a diagnosis or take the place of a professional diagnosis
consultation. Use this brief screening tool to help determine if further action is recommended.
For help in selecting the proper level of treatment in your area please contact our office.

Causes of Depression

Depression is a mental illness that is not caused by any one thing. There are various factors, events, and possible predisposed genetics and biology that may contribute to a diagnosis.

The following are common causes of depression.

  • Loss of a loved one, grief
  • Social isolation
  • Relationship conflicts
  • Major life changes: moving, graduation, career change, retirement
  • Physical, sexual, emotional abuse – could be from recent events or childhood

Types of Depression

There are different types of depression diagnosis and depressive symptoms. Everyone’s battle and symptoms may present differently, making it hard to tell that someone is depressed. Below are three common diagnosable types of depressive disorder, each having unique characteristics.

Anxious Distress: Depression with constant restlessness and worry about lack of control over events. May experience panic attacks.

Mixed Features: Depression combined with manic features, including an elevated sense of self, increased energy, and rapid speech.

Atypical Features: depression that includes temporary relief and the ability to be cheered up, increased appetite, excessive need for sleep, and heaviness in arms and legs.

Symptoms of Depression

  • Depressed or irritable moods
  • Loss of pleasure and interest
  • Decreased or increased weight or appetite
  • Appearing slowed or agitated
  • Indecisiveness and poor concentration
  • Feelings of hopelessness
  • Recurring thoughts of death, suicide attempts, or plan

Types of Depression

If you or a loved one is struggling with depression, seeking help could improve their quality of life tenfold. Too often, individuals succumb to their symptomology and feel like they must face these struggles independently. Other times a person may be in denial that they are struggling and nothing quite like themselves anymore. No matter what is going on, everybody deserves relief and resources to combat depression.

Psychotherapy: Also known as talk therapy, a modality where you engage in conversation and solutions about your condition and related mental health issues.

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy: DBT is a type of behavioral therapy that combines approaches of mindfulness, acceptance, and emotional regulation to identify and change negative thinking patterns.

Medications: There are antidepressant medications available to help reduce the adverse side effects of depression. Consulting help from a psychiatrist will help you know what medication might work for you.

If you have questions about how to get help for depression, call Heather Fisher Recovery Services Today.